|CESNET, association of legal entities, was held in 1996 by all universities of the Czech Republic and the Czech Academy of Sciences. Its main goals are:
|GRNET is the National Research and Education Network (NREN) provider, operating the Greek Academic network, that connects local universities and research institutions via dark fibre at speeds up to 10Gbps, and offering to the Greek R&E community access to the pan-European GEANT network through 4x10Gbps links.
|PSNC is the operator of the National Research and Education Network in Poland. The Polish NREN, PIONIER, a nationwide broadband optical network for e-science, represents a base for research and development in the area of information technology and telecommunications, computing sciences, applications and services for the Information Society. It connects 21 Academic Network Centres of Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs) and 5 of the HPC (High Performance Computing) Centres using their own fibre connections in all regions in Poland.